Our endocrine system consists of a network of glands, in various parts of our body, that produce and secrete hormones. It regulates numerous body functions such as metabolism, growth and development, reproduction, heart rate, sleep and wake cycles etc. Hormones secreted by the endocrine system travel through our bloodstream to numerous organs and tissues in our body and they can be analysed through various tests conducted in the endocrine lab. The endocrine glands in our body are hypothalamus, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, pituitary, adrenal, pancreas, thymus, testes and ovaries.
But sometimes the level of hormones in our body can be too low or too high, which can affect your health. The symptoms that you have depends on the hormone that’s fluctuating in your body. There are certain conditions that can affect your endocrine system such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, metabolic syndrome etc.
Endocrinology is a branch of medicine that deals with the study of hormones, its functions, and endocrine diseases. We offer a broad range of endocrinology tests that help diagnose various endocrine disorders.
T3 or Triiodothyronine is a hormone which is normally produced by our thyroid gland. A T3 test is performed to measure the level of T3 in your blood, through which your doctor can diagnose thyroid disease. Some of the potential thyroid disorders are-
- Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis
- primary or secondary hypothyroidism
You don’t need any special preparation prior to the test. Our healthcare professional will insert a small needle into your vein and draw a sample of blood. The blood test takes less than 5 minutes. High level of T3 indicates hyperthyroidism and a low level indicates hypothyroidism.
T4 or thyroxine is a hormone produced by our thyroid gland. A T4 test is performed in our endocrine lab to measure the level of T4 or thyroxine in your blood, and too low or too high T4 level indicate a thyroid disorder.
A T4 test is normally performed to diagnose thyroid disease and analyse the functioning of thyroid. Thyroid disorders that affect the functioning of thyroid glands are-
A small amount of blood will be collected by inserting a needle into your vein. The blood will be collected in a vial or a test tube. The blood test will take only a few minutes. There is no risk associated with a T4 test.
TSH or thyroid-stimulating hormone is a hormone produced by our pituitary gland. A thyroid stimulating hormone test measures the level of TSH in our blood. You have to take a TSH test if you have the symptoms of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
Our healthcare professional will insert a small needle into your vein to draw your blood, which will be collected in a vial or small tube. You might feel a slight sting when the needle is inserted into your vein. The results can indicate two conditions- High level of TSH indicates Hypothyroidism and Low level of TSH indicate hyperthyroidism.
Free Triiodothyronine(FT3), is also known as T3 or free T3. Up to 99.7% of T3 is attached to a protein while the rest remains free or unattached.
An FT3 test is performed to measure the level of FT3 in our blood. Your blood sample will be taken from a vein in your arm, by the healthcare professional in our Endocrine lab. An FT3 test is used to-
- Determine whether the thyroid gland is functioning properly or not
- Monitor patients who are undergoing a T3 therapy
- Diagnose hyperthyroidism
Free thyroxine (FT4) is also known as T4 or free T4. Most of the T4 is attached to a protein, while less than 1% of T4 remains free or unattached. An FT4 test is performed in our endocrine lab to measure the level of free T4 in the blood. The FT4 test is beneficial to-
- Check the functioning of the thyroid gland
- Diagnosis of Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
- Diagnosis of infertility in females
- Evaluate the condition of a patient with goitre
- Monitor patients with thyroid cancer
There is no preparation required prior to the test. Your blood sample will be taken by our healthcare professional.
The placenta, a temporary organ that develops in the uterus, produces a hormone known as Beta human chorionic gonadotropin(Beta HCG). A beta HCG test is normally performed for diagnosing pregnancy. The test is used-
When you suspect that you’re pregnant.
When you have signs of ectopic pregnancy
Positive beta HCG indicates that you’re pregnant
Negative beta HCG indicates that you’re not pregnant
Prostate-specific antigen(PSA) is a protein produced by the prostate gland. A PSA test is performed at our Endocrine Lab to measure the level of Prostate-specific antigen in the blood. Normally, men have low levels of PSA. But, higher levels of PSA indicates Prostate cancer or Benign prostatic hyperplasia.
The blood test lasts for a few minutes. Our healthcare professional will insert a small needle into your vein, to draw blood. The blood will be collected into a vial or test tube. Higher levels of PSA in your blood can indicate either cancerous or non-cancerous conditions. You need to undergo a few more tests, if your PSA levels are higher than normal, such as a rectal exam or a biopsy.
Vitamin D3 Test
Vitamin D3 or Cholecalciferol or sunshine vitamin is one of the major forms of Vitamin D. The vitamin D3 test measures the amount of vitamin D3 in your body. A vitamin D3 test is performed to diagnose and monitor bone disorders. Your blood sample will be collected by injecting a small needle into your vein. There is no risk associated with this test. Higher levels of Vitamin D is a result of vitamin D3 overdose. Low level of vitamin D indicates-
- Lack of exposure to sunlight
- Imbalanced diet
- Inability to absorb vitamin D
The pituitary gland produces a hormone called prolactin. A prolactin test is performed to measure the level of prolactin in the blood. Normally pregnant women have high levels of prolactin in their blood, and it’s possible for a non-pregnant woman or man to have higher levels of prolactin in their blood. Some of the reasons for the abnormal level of prolactin are-
- Hypothalamic diseases
- Chest injury
Our healthcare professional will insert a small needle into your vein to draw a small amount of blood. The blood will be collected in a vial or a small tube. If you have low levels of prolactin, it indicates hypopituitarism. If you have a very high level of prolactin, it indicates prolactinoma.
Testosterone is a hormone produced by the testicles, the male sex gland. The hormone is also produced by the ovaries, the female reproductive gland. The testosterone test measures the level of testosterone in the blood. You will be asked to undergo a testosterone test at an endocrine lab when infertility is suspected, when you have lower hormone levels or when you have erectile dysfunction. Our healthcare professional draws a small amount of blood by inserting a small needle into your vein. A morning sample is preferred. There is no preparation required prior to a testosterone test. High level of testosterone indicates-
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
- Adrenal tumour
- Early puberty of unknown cause in boys
- Testicular tumour
High level of testosterone in females indicates
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
- Adrenal gland tumour
We perform various endocrinology tests to measure hormone levels, to check the functioning of endocrine glands and determine the cause of an endocrine disorder. At Tesla scans and healthcare, the tests are performed by experienced and qualified lab technicians using state-of-the-art equipment, in our endocrine lab.